Star formation in clusters: early sub-clustering in the Serpens core


L. Testi (1), A.I. Sargent (2), L. Olmi (3), and J.S. Onello (4)

(1) Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, I-50125 Firenze, Italy

(2) Department of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, MS 105-24, Pasadena CA 91125, USA

(3) LMT Project and FCRAO, University of Massachusetts, 630 L.G.R.C., Amherst, MA 01003, USA

(4) Department of Physics, State University of New York, Cortland, NY 13045, USA


We present high resolution interferometric and single dish observations of molecular gas in the Serpens cluster-forming core. Star formation does not appear to be homogeneous throughout the core, but is localised in spatially- and kinematically-separated sub-clusters. The stellar (or proto-stellar) density in each of the sub-clusters is much higher than the mean for the entire Serpens cluster. This is the first observational evidence for the hierarchical fragmentation of proto-cluster cores suggested by cluster formation models.

Mantained by: Leonardo Testi